Vegetables in Poland

A slight decrease in vegetable production in Europe, a slight increase in Poland. Retail prices for vegetables increased in Poland and cosumption went down.

mix of varous vegetables in a bowl
Beeld: ©A.Murawska

Last year, in most EU countries (EU-27), 63 million tonnes of all vegetables were harvested, which is less than in the previous year (2021), when the harvest was 65.7 million tonnes. This was due to the unfavorable weather - a small amount of rainfall and heat in spring and summer. A significant decline in vegetable production occurred in such important European producers as Italy and Spain. In the same period, the production of vegetables in Poland slightly increased - from 5.6 million tons to 5.7 million tons.

Vegetables in Poland

In 2021, the total area of vegetable cultivation in Poland amounted to 169 500 ha, in 2022 it was only 163 000ha. The production of all vegetables was at the level of 5,3 mln tonnes in 2021, and despite the smaller area in 2022 it amounted to 5,4 mln tonnes. These figures are dominated by field vegetables, which last year were cultivated on an area of 157 800 ha, and their harvest amounted to 3.85 million tonnes.

tomatoes on a wooden background
Beeld: ©@AgaMurawska

Vegetables under cover

Last year, vegetables under cover were cultivated on an area of 5220 ha, the harvest is estimated at 1.53 million tonnes. Tomatoes grown in 2022 on an area of 1 750 ha had the largest share in these numbers, their production is estimated at 700 000 tonnes, which is 7% more than in the previous year. In the case of cucumbers, 330 000 tonnes were collected from an area of 970 ha last year which is 8% more than in 2021.

Retail prices go up..

In 2022 (January to October) retail prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages increased by 14.1% compared to the same period of the previous year. The increase in retail prices of fresh and chilled vegetables in this period amounted to 9.8%. One of the vegetables that increased the most in retail trade were tomatoes (price increase by 18.8%), the prices of cucumbers increased slightly less (12.1%).

…consumption goes down

The increase in retail prices contributed to a decline in the consumption of vegetables, mushrooms and their preserves. Based on data for the first quarter of 2022  - the consumption of vegetables, mushrooms and their preserves was 7.2% lower at that time compared to the first quarter of 2021 and amounted to 12.36 kg per person. Consumption of fresh and chilled vegetables (including mushrooms) decreased by 7.7% and reached 9.0 kg per capita in the first quarter. In the case of fresh tomatoes, the decrease in consumption was 9.4%, the popularity of cucumbers decreased by 4.8%.

Unfortunately, as a result of the increase in retail prices, also in the 2022/23 season, the consumption of horticultural products and their preserves will be lower than in the previous one. This will primarily concern consumers from households with relatively low incomes.

Source: Pod Osłonami